By Stefan G. Hofmann, Michael W. Otto
Social phobia, or social nervousness affliction, is one of the most typical (and debilitating) of the anxiousness problems, and at any given time it results someplace among three and five% of the U.S. inhabitants, with comparable statistics present in international locations all over the world. Cognitive-Behavioral treatment (CBT) has been verified to be the simplest type of remedy for social phobia, yet learn has proven that traditional CBT ideas and common interventions fall wanting the mark. With this in brain, Hofmann and Otto have composed an geared up remedy process that comes with in particular designed interventions to reinforce the correct CBT options. This quantity builds upon empirical examine to deal with the psychopathology and heterogeneity of social phobia, making a sequence of particular interventions with a variety of case examples.
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Extra info for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder: Evidence-Based and Disorder-Specific Treatment Techniques (Practical Clinical Guidebooks)
In a study by Lundh and Öst (1996), individuals with SAD (most of them met criteria for the generalized subtype) and normal controls were presented with a number of photos of faces and asked to judge whether the people in the photos were critical or accepting. After this encoding task, participants were asked to perform an unrelated task for 5 minutes and were then unexpectedly presented with a facial recognition task. The findings showed that individuals with SAD recognized more critical than accepting faces, whereas the controls tended to recognize more accepting than critical faces.
When confronted with challenging social situations, people with SAD typically shift their attention toward the negative aspects of themselves and their social performance. Depending on the individual patient, this then leads to an overestimation of the negative consequences of a social encounter, perception of low emotional control, negative selfperception as a social being, and/or perception of poor social skills. As a consequence of this attentional shift and perception of poor coping strategies in socially challenging situations, individuals with SAD anticipate and attend to social errors and perceive these errors catastrophically.
Chapter 3 then provides a session-by-session outline of the treatment strategies discussed here. Just Do It! In the most straightforward terms, treatment is designed to provide patients with a systematic set of opportunities to learn that social situations are not as threatening, social errors are not as dire, and social performance deficits are not as unyielding as anticipated. And, session by session, it is the therapist’s task to construct these opportunities for learning, while attending to the myriad ways in which patients have difficulties allowing themselves the freedom to learn new patterns.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder: Evidence-Based and Disorder-Specific Treatment Techniques (Practical Clinical Guidebooks) by Stefan G. Hofmann, Michael W. Otto