By Jan Breckenridge, Lesley Laing
Within the Nineteen Seventies, the silence sourrounding sexual and household violence used to be damaged and feminists demanded providers to handle the matter. within the Eighties, governments funded group programmes to supply prone for sufferers. The Nineteen Nineties observed a backlash opposed to the sufferers of sexual violence and companies supplied for his or her aid. this article assesses the kingdom of play with sexual and household violence. It examines the effectiveness of present providers within the context of either Australian and overseas legislation and coverage. It seems at leading edge advancements in perform and learn, and descriptions innovations that are proving profitable in assisting sufferers and addressing offenders' responsibility and accountability.
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Additional resources for Challenging Silence: Innovative Responses to Sexual & Domestic Violence (Studies in Society (Sydney, N.S.W.).)
Together these difficulties have allowed the greater intensity of ‘backlash’ politics that so often follows substantial cultural change. Without any collective outcry, in the 1990s, when issues of sexual and domestic violence are spoken about in the public domain, notably the voice of the victim is ever more faint. FUTURE CHALLENGES It is vital not to underestimate the force of the backlash aimed at the alternative professional interventions developed by practitioners following the movement’s feminist/power analysis of the 1980s.
With the advent of family therapy, however, new constructions of sexual abuse developed which shifted the focus from the provocative child victim or the deviant abuser to dysfunctional family interaction (Lustig et al. 1966). In this process, the mother’s behaviour and position increasingly became the centre of attention and the role of the offender in the abuse was marginalised. Hersko et al. epitomise this shift: ‘The mothers remain in the background as outwardly the least important, but actually through their manipulations, essential persons in precipitating the overt incestual behaviour’ (1961, p.
Intra-familial child sexual abuse that remained within the domain of the family therapist, but in which the abuser was not the mother’s partner, was rarely mentioned even though it is more common (Russell 1986). Similarly, the actions of the protective mother were rarely examined. Feminist writers of the 1980s mounted a challenge to the construction of the ‘collusive’ mother (Ward 1984). They criticised the terms, assumptions and evidence used by clinicians. They highlighted, instead, the powerless position of the mother, her economic vulnerability, her poor health, and the frequently reported violence and alcohol misuse of her partner.
Challenging Silence: Innovative Responses to Sexual & Domestic Violence (Studies in Society (Sydney, N.S.W.).) by Jan Breckenridge, Lesley Laing