By John Black, Alasdair I. MacBean (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1349101311

ISBN-13: 9781349101313

ISBN-10: 1349101338

ISBN-13: 9781349101337

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Sample text

But, like trade economists, they have not been successful in ascertaining how the determinants of the relationship in which they are interested change over time. With only a crude understanding of the factors that affect how relative factor endowments shift over time, trade economists utilising the Heckscher-Ohlin model are limited mainly to investigating the effects of autonomous changes in factor endowments on trading patterns. Fortunately, this has still proved to be a useful activity, both Robert E.

MIT Press). Leamer, Edward E. (1984). : MIT Press). Posner, M . W. (1961). 'International Trade and Technical Change,' Oxford Economic Papers, 13, 323-41. Vernon, Raymond (1966). 'International Investment and International Trade in the Product Cycle' , Quarterly Journal of Economics, 80, 255--67. Whalley, John (1985). : MIT Press). * L. Alan Winters This chapter surveys some of the broad patterns in world trade of manufactured goods over the last two or three decades. It discusses whether they arise from 'natural' economic phenomena - factor endowments and technological advance - or from conscious efforts on the parts of governments to control trade through policies such as tariffs and NTBs.

For example, the assumption of identical production functions among countries for all industries is difficult to accept in view of the observed unevenness in the sources of technological change coupled with the lack of perfect international movement of technological knowledge due to the patent system and other barriers to knowledge transfer. Casual observation suggests that the unique technological knowledge possessed by some countries is the source of their comparative advantage in certain industries .

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Causes of Changes in the Structure of International Trade, 1960–85 by John Black, Alasdair I. MacBean (eds.)


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