By Stephane Saulnier
Ranging from the seminal paintings of the French student Annie Jaubert at the date of the final Supper, the current paintings revisits identified - and identifies new - calendrical concerns within the literature of moment Temple Judaism. The learn helps the realization that every one recognized calendrical traditions functioned at the guiding principle that orthopraxis in historic Judaism intended shut interconnection among cultic and agricultural cycles. From this attitude the ebook gets rid of the calendrical objection leveled on the Jaubertian thought. extra, the examine brings new gentle on present debates approximately Qumran calendrical records and proposes the identity of a formerly unknown calendrical polemic within the Astronomical booklet of Enoch about the synchronization of the 364DY culture with the lunar cycle.
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Additional resources for Calendrical Variations in Second Temple Judaism: New Perspectives on the `Date of the Last Supper’ Debate
43 This development took place initially under Babylonian influence in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE. In the 3rd century BCE, the process of Hellenization of Palestine continued a process of erosion, whereby the ancient calendar was being brought into line with that of the ruling power. Jaubert hypothesized that this evolving calendar would have kept its liturgical days until the early stages of the 2nd century BCE. ” This intervention sparked a strong opposition amongst more conservative Jews, whose dissenting voice was recorded in Jubilees.
Its Characteristics Before investigating the origins of this calendar, it is necessary to comment on its characteristics. This calendar is starkly different from the official Jewish calendar in use in first century Judaea/Palestine. The official calendar was reckoned according to lunar observations, and counted 354 days. It divided up the year into twelve months of twenty nine or thirty days, mostly designated by their Babylonian names. 13 This calendar is not the one advocated by Jubilees. ”14 It is divided in four equal time lengths, or seasons, lasting thirteen weeks each, or ninety-one days ( Jub.
Rafferty; New York: Society of St. Paul, 1965). The recent publication of B. Lourié, M. Petit, and A. Orlov, eds, L’Église des deux Alliances: Mémorial Annie jaubert (1912–1980) (OJC 1; Piscataway, NJ: Georgias Press, 2008) in memory of Annie Jaubert, with contributions by respected scholars such as VanderKam, Beckwith, Bauckham, is a tribute to the lasting impact Jaubert’s contributions had on the academic fields Jaubert researched. 16 introduction piece of evidence, and the Bar Kokhba letters, of the post 70 CE period.
Calendrical Variations in Second Temple Judaism: New Perspectives on the `Date of the Last Supper’ Debate by Stephane Saulnier