By Michael Jerryson, Mark Juergensmeyer
"A interesting paintings. . . " --Buddhadharma
"Anyone with idealized notions of Buddhism as a faith totally devoted to peace and non-violence will reap the benefits of this high-quality assortment. Outlining how a variety of Buddhists have participated in struggle and justified this obvious violation in their moral ideas, those essays shed new gentle on sacred violence, just-war discourse, spiritual nationalism, and non secular institutions' collaboration with the nation. it is a wealthy and well timed book." ---Christopher Ives, writer of Imperial-Way Zen
"This publication is vital interpreting for Buddhist students with any area of expertise, if purely to foster new attention of the systemics of Buddhist politics and new textual readings, historic framings, and theoretical frames. This quantity presents clean views that make it a real contribution to the research of Buddhist violence and to Buddhist reviews inside of worldwide developments of spiritual violence. " --Journal of worldwide Buddhism
Though routinely considered as a relaxed faith, Buddhism has a depressing aspect. On a number of events during the last fifteen centuries, Buddhist leaders have sanctioned violence, or even warfare. The 8 essays during this booklet specialize in quite a few Buddhist traditions, from antiquity to the current, and exhibit that Buddhist agencies have used non secular photos and rhetoric to help army conquest all through heritage.
Buddhist infantrymen in 6th century China got the illustrious prestige of Bodhisattva after killing their adversaries. In 17th century Tibet, the 5th Dalai Lama counseled a Mongol ruler's killing of his competitors. And in modern day Thailand, Buddhist squaddies perform their tasks undercover, as totally ordained priests armed with weapons.
Buddhist conflict demonstrates that the discourse on faith and violence, often utilized to Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, can now not exclude Buddhist traditions. The ebook examines Buddhist army motion in Tibet, China, Korea, Japan, Mongolia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand, and exhibits that even the main not likely and allegedly pacifist spiritual traditions are at risk of the violent traits of guy.
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Extra resources for Buddhist Warfare
They ultimately were combined with the shuto. 104 One wonders what proportion of actual monks in fact participated in warlike activity. As General Renondeau indicates, there was an evolution in policy in Japan toward the valorization of all these social trends. This policy evolution was, of course, nothing more than a reﬂection of these social trends, as the Marxists assert. At this time, around 1200, the sōhei were booming; sects of the common people began to appear in reaction to the aristocratic Buddhists from the Heian monastery, where esoteric, extravagant ritualism (Shingon sect) was blended with verbose scholasticism (Tendai sect).
118 After returning victorious, he dedicated his ﬁrst Buddhist establishment in Japan, the Shitennō-ji Temple in Naniwa (Osaka), to the four god-kings, Vaiśravana and the others. 119 Furthermore, Chinese and Japanese Buddhists have no qualms about annexing their native war gods into their pantheon. 121 These warrior ﬁgures protect the Real Law. They are usually defending deities. War is justiﬁed if it is in defense, is it not? This is a widely held belief in the Far East, where war is generally presented as a form of repression used to reestablish peace.
Among these ad hoc recruited troops there were bandits, salt merchants, coolies of the salt tax, salt furnace operators, ﬁshermen, hunters, miners, brigands. They were a completely haphazard soldiery that, with the guidance of ordinary troops, in the end, was right about the islander looters. Nevertheless, all the source material recognizes that when it came to courage, the Chao-lin sseu monks were superior. The names of about twenty of them are known. Documents from the period describe them in combat, in the Shanghai region, under the command of regular army ofﬁcers, with their hair dyed vermillion and their faces smeared with indigo like actors.
Buddhist Warfare by Michael Jerryson, Mark Juergensmeyer