By Aihwa Ong
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Buddhism asserts that we every one have the capability to unfastened ourselves from the criminal of our difficulties. As practiced for greater than twenty-six hundred years, the method consists of operating with, instead of opposed to, our melancholy, nervousness, and compulsions. We do that by way of spotting the recurring methods our minds understand and react — the best way they lie to.
The historical past of Buddhism has been characterised through an ongoing stress among makes an attempt to maintain conventional beliefs and modes of perform and the necessity to adapt to altering cultural stipulations. Many advancements in Buddhist historical past, resembling the infusion of esoteric rituals, the increase of devotionalism and lay pursuits, and the assimilation of warrior practices, replicate the influence of common social adjustments on conventional non secular constructions.
This paintings analyses the forces that helped within the propagation of Buddhism in India, and delineates the missionary actions of Buddha intimately. There are scholarly biographies of the nice instructor touching by the way on themes hooked up along with his missionary actions. Such sketches, information that have been laboriously accumulated from the Buddhist scriptures and organized in this type of means so one can allow one to determine the main points approximately Buddha's occupation of their logical and chronological family members so far as attainable, definitely have a cost within the eyes of students attracted to the historical past of the unfold of Buddhism.
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Extra info for Buddha Is Hiding: Refugees, Citizenship, the New America (Public Anthropology, 5)
In many cases, he knew, men who were traveling without their urban families disguised their married status and, if they were posted in the countryside, took another wife. Peasant girls were often tricked this way because of their strong desire to marry rich men or men who drew a regular salary, such as teachers and soldiers. Another Cambodian informant estimated that about three out of ten rich men had secondary wives. These women did not have the same rights as the ﬁrst wife, who controlled her husband’s income and whose children inherited his property.
For instance, administrative practices directed at Cambodian refugees were often animated by the goal of cleansing the perceived elements of “Asian patriarchy” or primitivity. Social workers considered refugee women and children to be less tarnished by this racializing stigma, and thus more desirable citizen-subjects. While refugee men were 14 introduction marginalized, refugee women became at once more dependent on systems of female clientship and subject to lessons in personal autonomy. The biopolitics of welfarism, combined with feminist defense of the poor Asian woman, created whitening processes such as marrying a white man that allowed the war refugee to achieve the status of a “postcrisis” subject and a good enough citizen.
The neoliberal discourse that increasingly deﬁnes citizenship in economic terms, by insisting that citizenship is the civic duty of individuals to reduce their burden on society and to build up their human capital,54 becomes a vital supplement to the classic liberal rights-based deﬁnition of citizenship. As we shall see, racial classiﬁcatory logic has placed poor Asian immigrants such as Cambodian refugees at the black pole: they are identiﬁed with inner-city African Americans and set off clearly not only from whites, but also from other Asian groups such as Vietnamese and Chinese Americans.
Buddha Is Hiding: Refugees, Citizenship, the New America (Public Anthropology, 5) by Aihwa Ong