By Bernard Lowry, Chris Taylor, Vincent Boulanger
In the summertime of 1940, the query Britain requested itself was once no longer 'will Hitler invade?' yet 'when?' SEALION, the German invasion plan, provoked the development of pillboxes, anti-tank stop-lines and islands, coastal defences, heavy-gun emplacements and anti-aircraft batteries, in addition to the formation of the house safeguard and covert teams. New threats changed SEALION: radar detection structures have been accelerated in the course of the Blitz years, as have been intelligence-gathering platforms and listening posts. In 1944 and 1945, Britain was back confronted with a brand new and lethal threat,Hitler's 'Vengeance weapons'. This name offers a concise review of Britain's protective platforms, and offers a brilliant photo of conflict at the domestic entrance.
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Extra resources for British Home Defences 1940-45
It is therefore clear that, even in 1945, the search for an infallible method of winning wars in their initial period had by no means been successful. By that date, however, the world had gained a considerable amount of experience in this direction; and we shall have to proceed to analyse that experience. Before embarking on that analysis, however, we must first determine what is meant by the expressions 'war' and 'campaign'; and what exactly needs to be done in order to win either of them. 4 What is a war, anyway?
That being so, it is obvious that, even as late as the First World War, the search for a method of winning a war quickly was far from being over. General S. P. Ivanov, Nachal'nyi Pen'od Voiny (Voenizdat, 1974) p. 26. 2. These and subsequent figures are taken from Soviet sources, because it is Soviet thought-processes which are the subject of this book. 3. Ivanov, op. , p. 40. For the muddles and delays on the German side in the Franco-Prussian War, see Lt Col F. E. , 1921) pp. 193--4. Field Marshal Count Helmuth von Moltke, The Franco-German War of 187o-71 (Harper Bros, 1907; trans.
The improvements to the tank and to the aeroplane now enabled an invading army not merely to advance rapidly but to advance rapidly while at the same time fighting the enemy. Mechanization of the infantry and the logistics units to the extent to which it was actually undertaken, was a further step in the same direction, and a very valuable one too. As a result, Hitler had no difficulty whatever in defeating Poland in 18 days in 1939, nor in getting his armoured units to the Channel coast in 10 days in 1940, nor in forcing France to surrender in another 38.
British Home Defences 1940-45 by Bernard Lowry, Chris Taylor, Vincent Boulanger