By Jane L. Collins, Victoria Mayer
Either palms Tied reviews the operating terrible within the usa, focusing particularly at the relation among welfare and low-wage gains between operating moms. Grounded within the adventure of thirty-three girls dwelling in Milwaukee and Racine, Wisconsin, it tells the tale in their fight to stability baby care and wage-earning in poorly paying and sometimes state-funded jobs with rigid schedules—and the moments whilst those jobs failed them and so they grew to become to the nation for added reduction. Jane L. Collins and Victoria Mayer the following learn the occasions of those girls in gentle of the 1996 nationwide own accountability and paintings chance Reconciliation Act and different like-minded reforms—laws that ended the entitlement to welfare for these in want and supplied an incentive for them to come to paintings. Arguing that this reform got here at a time of gendered switch within the exertions strength and profound shifts within the obligations of kinfolk, corporations, and the kingdom, either fingers Tied presents a stark yet poignant portrait of the way welfare reform troubled bad, single-parent households, finally eroding the contributors’ fiscal rights and affecting their skill to deal with themselves and their little ones.
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Extra info for Both Hands Tied: Welfare Reform and the Race to the Bottom in the Low-Wage Labor Market
But beyond that, it hinted at a larger betrayal. These women understood that they were being asked to do something that has never been the norm in the labor market—to be the sole breadwinners and the sole caregivers for their families, on wages that even the designers ofâ†œ welfare reform had acknowledged were insuΩcient, and in some ofâ†œ the least flexible and most punitively structured jobs the economy has to o∏er. They also knew that, by entering (or reentering) the low-wage labor market through the boundary institution ofâ†œ the welfare system, they were losing rights that American workers had always cherished.
Now, they] are disproportionately employed as service workers in institutional settings. E v e ly n G l e n n , “ F r o m S e r v i t u d e t o S e r v i c e W o r k ” 1 Loc al L abo r Mar k e ts: Wh er e Wo r k H isto r i e s Ar e Lived In a former industrial district ofâ†œ southwest Milwaukee, a vine-covered factory building dating to the turn ofâ†œ the last century houses the welfare oΩce. The structure used to be home to the Allis-Chalmers Corporation, a firm that manufactured tractors and other machinery from 1840 to 1999 and that pioneered in hiring African American workers in the mid-twentieth century.
S. cities in low-wage job growth between 1970 and 1990. S. 45 A review ofâ†œ the top ten firms in the Milwaukee area in 1970 and in 2004 reflects these national trends (see appendix D). All ofâ†œ Milwaukee’s top employers in 1970 were manufacturers or brewers. In contrast, in 2004 the top ten all provided services; four were in health services and two in retail. These firms o∏ered mostly low-end, labor-intensive service sector jobs—positions that were far more likely to be filled by women. 46 As southeastern Wisconsin shifted from an industrial to a service sector base, labor market opportunities for men—and particularly less-educated men—saw a steep decline, while those for women increased.
Both Hands Tied: Welfare Reform and the Race to the Bottom in the Low-Wage Labor Market by Jane L. Collins, Victoria Mayer