By Radhika Herzberger
The Viikyapadiya of Bhartrhari and the Pramii1Jasamuccaya of Dignaga • are seminal texts within the historical past of old Indian philosophy. One textual content offers with grammar, the opposite with good judgment, either are the paintings of devoted metaphysicians. Written inside a span of lower than 100 years, among the 5th and the 6th centuries A.D., those texts have more often than not been taken care of individually, as representing self sufficient colleges of concept. This essay makes an attempt to interpret those texts together, as a discussion among a grammarian and a truth seeker. this manner of forthcoming those texts highlights unforeseen features of Bhartrhari's and Dignaga's theories of language and is meant to spot the person achievements of every. peculiarly, this therapy is an workout in writing the highbrow historical past of a interval in time, instead of a background of a faculty of philosophy. the present view of Bhartrhari holds that his linguistic options are usually not intrinsic to his metaphysics. The conclusions reached within the current essay are that Bhartrhari's metaphysics underlie his linguistic options and articulate their presuppositions. the present view of Dignaga keeps that for him language offers with illusory entities and needs to falsify what's genuine. The conclusions reached within the current essay are that Dignaga's logical principles are designed to make sure that in utilizing language one isn't really dedicated to a trust in fictional entities. My debt to trendy scholarship within the box is considerable.
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Additional resources for Bhartṛhari and the Buddhists: An Essay in the Development of Fifth and Sixth Century Indian Thought
Thing universal _ external thing Helaraja's introductory remarks on JS6 alluded to the structure attributed to universals in solving problems of substitution of materials in the context of rituals (see trHJS6 and trJS3). The possible conflict between that attribution of structure and Katyayana's aphorism on names, is the framework in terms of which he saw J86. Let me recall the reader's attention to the more ancient theory of names embedded in Katyayana's aphorism on names according to which names are given to individuals on the basis of a quality they possess.
It would not be an exaggeration to say that for several centuries to come the VP continued to be a vademecum, a guidebook almost, on the philosophical uses of grammar. 3 Between Dignaga and his commentator Dharmaklrti, there falls the giant shadow of Bhartrhari. In order to arrive at a proper understanding of their relationship it will be useful to trace the separate debt each of these Buddhist philosophers owes to Bhartrhari. By isolating their separate debts it may be possible to identify the historical achievement of 10 CHAPTER TWO each.
Grammarians de- BHART~HARI ON INDIVIDUALS AND UNIVERSALS fined plural number by means of a special operation called 'Remaindering of One', in the following way:33 vrk~as ca vrk~as ca vrk~as ca (the tree, the tree, the tree) vrk~iiIJ 23 ekase~a, (the trees}, by ekase¥l (Re- maindering of One). Ancient grammarians thus made assumptions regarding individuals in order to establish a proper theory of number and gender. The assumption complemented their assumption with respect to universals. The two postulates were essential tools of grammatical analysis.
Bhartṛhari and the Buddhists: An Essay in the Development of Fifth and Sixth Century Indian Thought by Radhika Herzberger