By Norval Morris

ISBN-10: 0195071387

ISBN-13: 9780195071382

ISBN-10: 0195361199

ISBN-13: 9780195361193

Around the kingdom prisons are jammed to capability and, in severe instances, barges and cellular houses are used to stem the overflow. Probation officials in a few towns have caseloads of 2 hundred and more--hardly a workable variety of offenders to trace and supervise. And with approximately 1000000 humans in criminal and reformatory, and and a part million on probation, it truly is transparent we're experiencing a difficulty in our penal approach. In among criminal and Probation, Norval Morris and Michael Tonry, of the nation's best criminologists, supply an incredible and well timed technique for easing those difficulties. They argue that our crushed corrections method can't deal with the stream of convicted offenders as the extremes of punishment--imprisonment and probation--are either used excessively, with a near-vacuum of priceless punishments in among. Morris and Tonry suggest as a substitute a entire application that is dependent upon a number of punishment together with fines and different monetary sanctions, neighborhood provider, condominium arrest, extensive probation, heavily supervised remedy courses for medicines, alcohol and psychological disorder, and digital tracking of flow. utilized in rational mixtures, those "intermediate" punishments could greater serve the neighborhood than our current polarized selection. severe attention of those punishments has been hindered by means of the frequent belief that they're healing instead of punitive. the truth, despite the fact that, Morris and Tonry argue, "is that the yank legal justice process is either too serious and too lenient--almost randomly." Systematically carried out and carefully enforced, intermediate punishments can "better and extra economically serve the group, the sufferer, and the legal than the criminal phrases and probation orders they supplant." among legal and Probation is going past mere advocacy of an expanding use of intermediate punishments; the booklet additionally addresses the tricky job of becoming those punishments right into a complete, reasonable and community-protective sentencing method.

Show description

Read Online or Download Between Prison and Probation: Intermediate Punishments in a Rational Sentencing System PDF

Similar english literature books

Download e-book for kindle: Hugo Grotius and International Relations (Clarendon by Hedley Bull, Benedict Kingsbury, Adam Roberts

Hugo Grotius (1583-1645), "the miracle of Holland," used to be recognized as a toddler prodigy, theologian, historian, Dutch political determine, escaped political prisoner, and eventually as Sweden's Ambassador to France. Addressing his contribution to diplomacy, this e-book seriously reappraises Grotius' proposal, evaluating it to his predecessors and reading it within the context of the wars and controversies of his time.

Download e-book for iPad: Lovesickness and Gender in Early Modern English Literature by Lesel Dawson

In early glossy scientific texts, excessive unfulfilled erotic hope is held to be a true and virulent affliction: it really is categorised as a species of depression, with actual etiologies and therapies. Lesel Dawson analyzes literary representations of lovesickness when it comes to clinical rules approximately hope and wider questions on gender and identification, exploring different ways in which wish is thought to take root within the physique, how gender roles are encoded and contested in courtship, and the psychic pains and pleasures of annoyed ardour.

Download e-book for iPad: Performances of the Sacred in Late Medieval and Early Modern by Susanne Rupp, Tobias Doering

Groups have usually formed themselves round cultural areas set aside and declared sacred. For this objective, church buildings, clergymen or students a minimum of writers usually perform giving sacred figures a neighborhood habitation and, occasionally, voice or identify. yet no matter what websites, rites, photos or narratives have hence been built, in addition they increase a few advanced questions: how can the sacred be provided and but guarded, claimed but hid, staged in public and while stored particular?

Anglo-Saxon Keywords - download pdf or read online

Anglo-Saxon key words offers a sequence of entries that demonstrate the hyperlinks among sleek rules and scholarship and the crucial techniques of Anglo-Saxon literature, language, and fabric tradition. unearths very important hyperlinks among crucial thoughts of the Anglo-Saxon interval and concerns we predict approximately this day finds how fabric culture—the background of work, drugs, know-how, identification, masculinity, intercourse, foodstuff, land use—is as very important because the historical past of principles deals a richly theorized procedure that intersects with many disciplines in and out of medieval experiences content material:

Additional resources for Between Prison and Probation: Intermediate Punishments in a Rational Sentencing System

Example text

Take two addict-criminals convicted of selling relatively small amounts of cocaine on a number of separate occasions. Each has once before been convicted of illegal possession of marijuana. Toward a Comprehensive Punishment System 33 Each is aged 20. Criminal A is in college, the son of a loving and supportive middle-class family, living in a district where space is available in drug treatment programs. Criminal B has never met his putative father, lives in a high-rise apartment in a slum area with his mother and his two much younger siblings, welfare being their major financial support.

Judges had little-fettered discretion to "individualize punishment" in deciding who received probation and who was sentenced to jail or prison, and, for those to be confined, to set minimum or maximum terms, and sometimes both. Parole boards, subject only to statutory provisions on parole eligibility, generally when a third of the maximum term had been served, decided who was released from prison prior to the expiration of their terms, when, and under what conditions. None of these decisions—charging and plea bargaining, sentencing, paroling—was governed by legal or administrative decision Toward a Comprehensive Punishment System 21 rules and only rarely did these decisions raise issues cognizable in the appellate courts.

Until recently, policymakers have shied from efforts to structure discretion over nonimprisonment sentencing decisions because of the complexity of the practical, conceptual, and implementation issues that are raised. We believe the tools now exist for addressing these issues. Americans tend to equate criminal punishment with prison. To the public, to the public official, even to the judge, sentencing is often seen as a choice between prison and nearly nothing. Researchers build mathematical models of the correlates of decisions to imprison and of variations in lengths of imprisonment, but not of variations in the imposition of sanctions other than prison.

Download PDF sample

Between Prison and Probation: Intermediate Punishments in a Rational Sentencing System by Norval Morris


by Jeff
4.2

Rated 4.98 of 5 – based on 24 votes