By Judith D. Bentkover (auth.), Judith D. Bentkover, Vincent T. Covello, Jeryl Mumpower (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9400945248

ISBN-13: 9789400945241

ISBN-10: 9401085153

ISBN-13: 9789401085151

In fresh years there was massive curiosity in advantages overview equipment, in particular as those tools are used to evaluate future health, safeguard, and environmental concerns. no less than a part of this curiosity could be traced to govt Order 12291, issued by way of President Ronald Reagan in 1981. This govt Order calls for Federal enterprises to accomplish advantages tests of professional­ posed significant rules and prohibits them from taking regulatory motion except strength merits exceed capability expenditures to society. Heightened curiosity in merits review tools has in tum given upward push to larger attractiveness of the inherent problems in appearing such check­ ments. for instance, many merits which are intuitively felt to be most crucial also are one of the so much tough to degree. it may be tricky to spot the total diversity of either advantages and prices. the alternative of an appro­ priate fee for evaluating merits and prices through the years is proble­ matic. even if merits are quantifiable in precept and contract could be reached on their valuation, required d,ata will not be on hand. therefore substantial uncertainty is equipped into so much profit estimates, even if they're in response to the simplest to be had info. In mild of the complexities and problems linked to the practice­ ance of a advantages overview, this publication stories the present country of theoretical and methodological wisdom within the box. The evaluate is broad in that it covers over fifty years of study, theoretical boost­ ment, and practice.

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What can be said is that the analysis should be conducted with several rates, so that the sensitivity of the BCA decision to the discount rate selected can be determined. Unfortunately, this does not tell the analyst where to begin in defining this range. Alternative approaches to discounting are discussed in Chapter 5. 6 percent. 6 percent. While substantially below most of the rates used in current analyses, this range with Lind's specified adjustments to other components for the analysis is likely to find substantial support among a broad spectrum of economists and provides a reasonable starting point for a wide range of public investment decisions that can be argued to have features similar to those considered by Lind.

Myrick III. 1978. S. Environment Policy, Paul R. Portney, ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. - - - . 1979. The Benefits of Environmental Improvement: Theory and Practice. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Grubb, W. Norton, Dale Whittington, and Michael Humphries. 1984. ' In Environmental Policy Under Reagan's Executive Order; The Role of Benefit-Cost Analysis, V. Kerry Smith, ed. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. Hanke, Steve H. 1981. ' Public Policy 29: 147-57.

Portney. 1983. ' In Proceedings of Workshop on Effects of Environmental Regulation on Industrial Compliance Costs and Technology Inno-. vations. : National Science Foundation. Krutilla, John V. 1961. ' Journal of Political Economy 69: 226-235. Lave, Lester B. 1981, The Strategy of Social Regulation. : Brookings Institution. Lind, Robert C. 1982. ' In Discounting for Time and Risk in Energy Policy, Robert C. Lind, ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. , A. Knox and V. Kerry Smith. 1985.

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Benefits Assessment: The State of the Art by Judith D. Bentkover (auth.), Judith D. Bentkover, Vincent T. Covello, Jeryl Mumpower (eds.)

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