By Robert S. Kaplan, David P. Norton
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The concept that of a legionary fort as an enduring constitution dates from the reign of Augustus (27 BCâ€"AD 14). it's only from that point that we discover a status military disbursed round the empire, and their everlasting fortresses constructed from the transitority box fortifications of the legions on crusade.
The easy castles raised after the Norman conquest have been constructed all through eleventh and twelfth centuries, while the advent of Islamic and Byzantine fortification thoughts from the overdue twelfth century resulted in additional advancements in fort structure. those fortifications have been to be good demonstrated in the course of the process the thirteenth century as England was once riven by means of the clash, characterised through lengthy sieges, among the monarchy and robust magnates.
On 15 March 1781, the armies of Nathanael Greene and Lord Charles Cornwallis fought one of many bloodiest and so much extreme engagements of the yank Revolution on the Guilford Courthouse in piedmont North Carolina. even if positive, Cornwallis declared the conquest of the Carolinas most unlikely. He made the fateful determination to march into Virginia, ultimately prime his military to the Yorktown give up and clearing the way in which for American independence.
A finished and useful, step by step advisor to pricing research and method improvement. the tactic and strategies of Pricing indicates readers tips to deal with markets strategically–rather than just calculate pricing in line with product and profit–in order to enhance their competitiveness and the profitability in their bargains.
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Extra resources for Balanced Scorecard Report - The Strategy Execution Source - Volume 11 Number 4 - Jul-Aug 2009
17 Addressing the uncertain future of preserving the past RAND Europe which are responsible for publishing 49 percent of all research articles; 43 percent of the world’s research papers are published by European authors, and it is estimated that Europe accounts for 24 to 32 percent of world expenditure on journals European Commission (2007). 1000000 Number of titles 100000 10000 1000 100 10 1 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050 2100 Year Figure 4. 2 Costs and pricing of publishing The prices of journals and the profits made by publishers have been subject to continuing criticism from the academic and library community.
Keeping in mind that the German context is different from that in The Netherlands,18 the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek takes a narrower public service task and focuses solely on publications in the German language and those about Germany published abroad in other languages (interview with Ute Schwens 2007). Other stakeholders’ perceptions of national libraries vary considerably. The libraries’ long history is viewed often as an important asset, creating confidence that they will continue to exist in perpetuity.
While the Phaistos disc is said to date back about four millennia and paper can last several hundreds of years, digital media have a much shorter lifespan. Rothenberg (1995) assessed the life expectancy of several media (see Table 1). The contents of most digital media disintegrate long before words written on high-quality paper. Furthermore, digital content possibly faces an even more challenging problem than that of decrypting the purpose and meaning of the Phaistos disc,4 because of the limited longevity of information carriers and the software and hardware that make the stored information accessible to users.
Balanced Scorecard Report - The Strategy Execution Source - Volume 11 Number 4 - Jul-Aug 2009 by Robert S. Kaplan, David P. Norton