By Heinrich Iro, Alessandro Bozzato, Johannes Zenk
Written by means of the world over well known specialists, this unparalleled and so much entire atlas presents readers with a didactic publicity to the foundations of ultrasound and its software within the analysis and therapy of medical stipulations of the top and neck. It particularly evaluates the probabilities of recent high-resolution B-scan and colour Doppler ultrasound.
- The atlas kind and systematically based content material let readers to fast find imaging findings and entry required information
- The authors not just conceal the most ultrasound exam strategies and findings within the head and neck zone but in addition show methods to extra advanced scientific matters, together with advanced interdisciplinary subject matters similar to the thyroid gland and blood vessels
- The diagnostic boundaries of ultrasound, pitfalls, and information and tips are highlighted through the textual content to aid novices realize the basic features of the findings and support skilled clients in complex situations
- an in depth choice of movies, illustrating the benefits of ultrasound as a dynamic strategy, is offered online
For all otolaryngologists, head and neck surgeons, maxillofacial surgeons, radiologists, internists, and different experts who make the most of this dynamic imaging software, Atlas of Head
and Neck Ultrasound is an important reference to be used in day-by-day practice.
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Extra info for Atlas of Head and Neck Ultrasound
9) Overall enhancement “Gain” measured in decibels (14 dB). (10) Compound image-activated medium setting (DTCE M). (11) Color scale selected in B mode; (12) color gain (–7 dB), preset medium low velocity (Fluss Allg); (13) selected PRF (PRF). (14) Set wall filter (F2). 5 cm (white triangle). (16) Pictogram indicating anatomic region, the point at the end corresponds to the upper left image margin (golden “a” symbol). (17) Number of frames per second that are used for image formation (11). A high number enables a fluent dynamic visualization.
Pearls and Pitfalls The paramedian transverse cervical slice at the level of the thyroid gland is the best place to start the examination. Adjustments to scanner settings are best made in the following order: depth, frequency, focus, and gain. 25). The lumina of the carotid artery and the internal jugular vein are anechoic. 1 Neck, right, transverse. This spaceoccupying lesion (RF) lies anterior to the carotid bifurcation (ACI/ACE) and between the internal jugular vein (VJI) and the facial vein (VF).
Adapt gain and TGC. 3. Nevertheless, two further parameters are relevant here for the basic image settings: the pulse repetition frequency (PRF) and the color gain. The PRF should be adapted to the expected flow rate of the organ system currently under examination. A PRF of 2000 for evaluating the carotid arteries is suggested. For the evaluation of the lymphonodular angioarchitecture and with it the detection of even the smallest flow signals, the aim should be ~500. The color gain should always be increased to the extent that some artifacts are just visible in the systole.
Atlas of Head and Neck Ultrasound by Heinrich Iro, Alessandro Bozzato, Johannes Zenk