By The World Bank
Following the intense fiscal predicament in 2001 02, Argentina mobilized an exceptional attempt to supply source of revenue help to the section of the inhabitants so much in want. Now, as development has back and social symptoms recovered to precrisis degrees, there's a gap to maneuver from emergency aid courses to a extra entire, long term, and sustainable procedure for social security. The problem is to layout and completely enforce a social defense process that has enough assurance and merits and is built-in and fiscally and politically sustainable. The research contained during this e-book aimed to give a contribution to and tell the controversy concerning the way forward for source of revenue help rules in Argentina, taking the perspectives, values, and personal tastes of the stakeholders and the inhabitants as beginning issues. The learn incorporated cutting edge efforts to gather and comprehend the panorama of principles relating to innovations for social defense circulating in Argentina: first, an intensive set of consultations with coverage makers and practitioners in social coverage, ordinarily on the provincial point; and moment, a countrywide, consultant opinion survey at the perspectives and perceptions of the inhabitants relating to social coverage and source of revenue aid courses specifically.
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Following the intense fiscal situation in 2001 02, Argentina mobilized an remarkable attempt to supply source of revenue help to the phase of the inhabitants so much in desire. Now, as progress has again and social symptoms recovered to precrisis degrees, there's a gap to maneuver from emergency help courses to a extra accomplished, long term, and sustainable technique for social security.
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Extra info for Argentina: Income Support Policies Toward the Bicentennial (World Bank Country Study)
In May 2006, the first round of beneficiaries switched from Plan Jefes to Seguro, reaching almost 3 percent of the total stock of beneficiaries. The latter began transferring beneficiaries later than Familias, and the flow seems to be slower. Nearly 15 percent of Jefes beneficiaries left the program for a number of reasons, including graduation (the children of the beneficiaries are no longer are below 18 years old) and tighter controls. If the exit trend continues at the current level, Jefes might disappear in two or three years.
The Reforms of the 1990s Both structural and parametric reforms were applied to the traditional social insurance programs in the 1990s. Aimed at ensuring financial sustainability (or reducing deficits), most of these reforms implied a decline in coverage. 4 shows that the aggregate number of beneficiaries from income transfer programs grew by almost 10 percent in the early 1990s, but then became stable for almost a decade. (c) The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank Argentina 11 Several social protection programs were introduced or reformed during the 1990s.
Other analyses of Jefes and its influence on the labor market and welfare in Argentina show interesting results. Among those, Monza and Giacometti (2003) found that a significant number of the women (the majority of beneficiaries) participating in the program were previously part of the economically inactive population. Also, Cetrángolo and Jimenez (2003) point out that Plan Jefes represented one of the most radical changes in terms of social protection in Argentina, as it did not depend on the availability of international financing, and they open the decentralization debate and discussion regarding the roles of provinces in the administration of social programs.
Argentina: Income Support Policies Toward the Bicentennial (World Bank Country Study) by The World Bank