By George R. Boyer
Over the last 3rd of the eighteenth century, so much parishes in rural southern England followed guidelines supplying terrible reduction outdoor workhouses to unemployed and underemployed able-bodied labourers. the controversy over the industrial results of 'outdoor' reduction funds to able-bodied staff has persevered for over two hundred years. This e-book examines the commercial function of the bad legislation within the rural south of britain. It provides a version of the rural labour marketplace that offers reasons for the common adoption of out of doors aid guidelines, the endurance of such rules until eventually the passage of the bad legislations modification Act in 1834, and the pointy local changes within the management of reduction. The e-book demanding situations many more often than not held ideals in regards to the bad legislations and concludes that the adoption of out of doors reduction for able-bodied paupers used to be a rational reaction through politically dominant farmers to adjustments within the rural fiscal atmosphere.
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Extra resources for An Economic History of the English Poor Law, 1750-1850
Only two of the southeastern parishes that responded to the Rural Queries admitted granting indoor relief to temporarily unemployed workers. Workhouses were typically inhabited by orphans, single women with dependent children, and the aged and infirm, uin short, . . 23 2. Timing of Changes in Poor Law Administration Studies of the Poor Law at the county or local level that analyze the pre1795 administration of relief almost universally conclude, in contrast to the traditional view, that the payment of outdoor relief to able-bodied laborers began before 1795.
Although one should not place too much weight on these calculations, they suggest that, before 1795, the demand for labor grew at least as rapidly in areas where enclosures did not take place as in areas where enclosures occurred. One possible explanation for this result is that very little common or waste land was enclosed in grain-producing areas during this period (Turner 1980: 188-9). Thus, the increase in the amount of land under cultivation might have been no larger in high-enclosure counties than in low-enclosure counties.
21 There were two major motives behind the adoption of the workhouse system. First, as their name implies, workhouses were to be used to employ the poor. Parishes hoped to make the poor self-sufficient by employing them at "spinning, carding, weaving, knitting, beating and winding various materials" for cloth manufacture (Taylor 1972: 69). Attempts to employ the poor profitably were widespread in the eighteenth century, but they were invariably failures. According to the Webbs (1927: 234), "in many workhouses the produce of sales did not even repay the outlay on materials.
An Economic History of the English Poor Law, 1750-1850 by George R. Boyer