By Harrell R. Rodgers
This re-creation of yankee Poverty in a brand new period of Reform presents a accomplished exam of the level, explanations, results, and prices of yank poverty approximately ten years after the passage of the non-public accountability and paintings chance Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996. the writer contains the most up-tp-date to be had demographic, funds, assessment, and software information to judge the impression of this sweeping laws on federal and kingdom rules, in addition to on poverty populations. This revised version takes into consideration the commercial slowdown that came about in 2001 via 2003. It examines the nation judgements approximately the right way to enforce PRWORA, and the way alterations have affected the poverty inhabitants and total welfare process. the writer identifies the optimistic implications of welfare reform besides difficulties that needs to be addressed. New gains for this variation contain an appendix of net resources a state-by-state tables of poverty premiums.
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Additional info for American Poverty In A New Era Of Reform
Notice first that age is a relevant factor in poverty. 3). 6 percent, and children comprised about 36 percent of all poor Americans. 3 shows, progress in reducing poverty among children since the late 1950s has been difficult. The poverty rate declined in the 1960s and 1970s, and then increased in much of the 1980s and through the early 1990s. From 1993 to 2000 the rate declined, and then rose modestly in 2001–3. The poverty rate for children in 2003 was as high as the rates in most years in the 1960s and 1970s.
Moffit’s (1992) review of the empirical literature basically reached the same conclusions. Acs (1996), in a very comprehensive evaluation, found little relationship between state cash benefit levels and the out-of-wedlock birth rate in the state. States that paid the highest cash benefits did not have higher rates of out-of-wedlock births. In fact, some of the states that paid the lowest cash benefits had the highest rates of out-of-wedlock births. The pattern clearly did not suggest that women were having babies in response to cash incentives.
Increasingly mature women of childbearing age are single. Women are entering their first marriage later and divorcing more frequently. 1 (Bureau of the Census, 2004d, table 61). In 1950 only about one-fourth of all twentyto twenty-four-year-old women had never been married. 8 percent (table 62). The growing number of adult, single women, many with careers, therefore, increases the number of women who may decide to have a child out of wedlock. It is reasonable to assume, then, that changing demographics and a more accepting public have made it easier for adults to make choices about both divorce and out-of-wedlock births.
American Poverty In A New Era Of Reform by Harrell R. Rodgers