By Terrance McGovern, Bolling Smith, Peter Bull
A brand new around of fortification construction all started within the usa and its out of the country territories within the late-19th century, which benefited from the most recent know-how and the rise in America's world wide financial stature. This ebook offers a concise advent to the layout, improvement and objective of yank coastal defenses within the "modern" interval (1885-1950), a interval outlined by means of concrete, metal, and strong breech-loading rifles. filled with interval and modern day photos of the fortifications, and written through a number one specialist, it covers the emplacements, weaponry, gear, and other people that defended their state in occasions of significant switch and uncertainty.
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Additional resources for American Coastal Defenses 1885-1950
9 During the late 1950s, Harvard Business Review featured a number of articles on corporate planning, for example D. W. Ewing, “Looking Around: Long-range Business Planning,” Harvard Business Review (July–August 1956): 135–46; B. Payne, “Steps in Long-range Planning,” Harvard Business Review (March–April 1957): 95–101. 10 M. E. Porter, Competitive Strategy (New York: Free Press, 1980). 11 Boston Consulting Group, Perspectives on Experience (Boston: Boston Consulting Group, 1978). 12 R. D. Buzzell and B.
S. and European companies had set up corporate planning departments. 5 provides an example of such formalized corporate planning. S. Steel Company, 1965 The first step in developing long-range plans was Engineer of the corporation and various district to forecast the product demand for future years. engineers. Alternative plans for achieving After calculating the tonnage needed in each company goals were also developed for some sales district to provide the “target” fraction of areas, and investment proposals were formulated the optimal after considering the amount of available capital production level for each area was determined.
As competition increases, the interests of different stakeholders converge around the goal of survival. Survival requires that, over the long term, the firm earns a rate of profit that covers its cost of capital otherwise it will not be able to replace its assets. 3 Across many sectors of industry, the heat of international competition is such that few companies have the luxury of pursuing goals that diverge from profit maximization. The market for corporate control. Management teams that fail to maximize the profits of their companies will be replaced by teams that do.
American Coastal Defenses 1885-1950 by Terrance McGovern, Bolling Smith, Peter Bull