By University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin
Including half 1 of an analogous grammar (Sources, Script and Phonology, Lexicon and Nominals), this two-volume set represents the main specific and exhaustive description ever performed of any language, together with jap of the outdated jap language of the Yamato quarter throughout the Asuka Nara interval. It offers enormous quantities of examples drawn not just from the key outdated jap texts akin to the Man'yoshu, the Senmyo, the Kojiki kayo and the Nihonshoki kayo but additionally from all minor extant texts resembling the Fudoky kayo, the Bussoku seki ka, and others. it is also comparative fabric from japanese outdated eastern as soon as spoken within the zone approximately resembling present-day southern Chubu and Kanto areas, in addition to from Ryukyuan and infrequently from different surrounding languages. half 2 is followed by means of exhaustive and cumulative indexes to either volumes, together with separate indexes on all grammatical kinds defined, linguistic kinds, own names, in addition to an index of all outdated eastern texts which are used as examples within the description.
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Extra info for A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old Japanese: Part 2: Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Particles, Postpositions
Although [I] would go wrapping [him] around my arm and looking at [him], [it] is regrettable if [I] go leaving [him] (MYS XVII: 3990) The variant yuk- rules supreme in Western Old Japanese: there are only two examples of ik- attested phonetically and in identical contexts. Nevertheless, ik- does exist and is further amply supported by later Middle Japanese data. tt\. - 426 GRAMMAR OF WESTERN OLD JAPANESE kara-kuni-wo ika n-i [i]p-u kotO so meyNturakwo k-yi-tar-u mukasakuru Ikyi-no watar-i-wo meyNturakwo k-yi-tar-u Kara-Iand-ACC how DV-INF say-ATTR thing PT MeyNturakwo come-INF-PERFIPROG-ATTR (makura kotoba) Ikyi-GEN crossNML-ACC MeyNturakwo come-INF-PERFIPROG-ATTR What to call the land of Kara?
Neither Pre-OJ *ai or *ia were subject to raising, as we well know, since they resulted in WOJ /e[y]/ and /[y]e/ respectively. ADDITIONS TO PART 1 425 tune sir-an-u MYITI-no NANKA te-wo kure-kure to ika n-i ka yuk-am-u usual know-NEG-ATTR road-GEN long place-ACC dark-dark DV how DV-INF PT go-TENT-ATTR How would [I] go along the full length of the road that [I] normally do not know, being in a dark [mood]? regrettable [I] want my beloved to be a jewel! Although [I] would go wrapping [him] around my arm and looking at [him], [it] is regrettable if [I] go leaving [him] (MYS XVII: 3990) The variant yuk- rules supreme in Western Old Japanese: there are only two examples of ik- attested phonetically and in identical contexts.
WestOld Japanese Ch a rt 24 : CIasses 0 f'Infl ect ed ad'l1ecf lves In em Class 1 Class 2 forms aka- 'red' utuku-si- 'beautiful' infinitive -ku aka-ku utuku-si-ku final-si aka-si utuku-si-0 attributive __kyi aka-kyi utuku-si-kyi aka-kye evidential 1 -kye utuku-si-kye aka-kyere evidential 2 -kyere utuku-si-kyere aka-kyeku utuku-si-kyeku nominalizer 1 -kyeku aka-sa nominalizer 2 -sa utuku-si-sa aka-myi utuku-si-myi ~erund -myi Note: both eVidentIal forms and the nommahzer m -kyeku are secondary forms based on the attributive form -kyi.
A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old Japanese: Part 2: Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Particles, Postpositions by University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin